North Oaks vegetable gardens still have lots of time to produce yummy, home-grown vegetables. In fact, some of our favorites can be planted now for harvest in fall. Our first frost date in North Oaks is September 20, so use that date when calculating when to plant late-season vegetables.
Here are just a few vegetables you can put in the ground now (“days” refers to days to maturity):
- Bush beans – 45 to 60 days
- Collard greens – 40 to 65 days
- Leaf lettuce – 40 to 60 days
- Mustard greens – 30 to 40 days
- Radish – 30 to 60 days
- Spinach – 35 to 45 days
- Swiss chard – 40 to 60 days
Out of the aforementioned crops, only bush beans will be killed by a frost and collard greens and kale are the most cold-hardy, surviving temperatures to 20 degrees. Kale, in fact, will continue growing in cold temperatures.
The leafy vegetables, such as kale, can be harvested while the leaves are small (some say they’re even better then).
Prepare the Soil
Whatever was planted in the garden before has most likely depleted the soil of nutrients so dig into it to loosen it and remove debris and then add either a balanced fertilizer or well-rotted compost (about 3 inches) to the soil. Be sure to dig it down into the top 3 inches of soil and then rake the bed smooth. A firm, level seed bed is ideal for small vegetable seeds.
If you’re not sure how much fertilizer to add to the garden soil, consider obtaining a soil test from the University of Minnesota Soil Testing Laboratory. You can reach them at (612) 625-3101.